The God has created a man in order that he creates that the God fails to do

Tuesday, 28 January 2014

Foundations of Modern Physics: 2. The notion of an inertial frame

The key problem of classical mechanics is that there is no intrinsic definition of an inertial reference frame.

Classical non-relativistic mechanics admits the adequate mathematical formulation in terns of fibre bundle Q->R over the time axis R. In this framework, a reference frame is defined as a trivialization of this fibre bundle or, equivalently, as a connection on Q->R.

A second order dynamic equation is called a free motion equation if it can be brought into the form of a zero acceleration ddq/dtdt=0 with respect to some reference frame, and this reference frame is said to be inertial for this equation. Thus a definition of an inertial frame depends on the choice of a free motion equation.

A problem is that, given a different free motion equation ddq’/dtdt=0, an inertial reference frame for it fails to be so the first free motion equation ddq/dtdt=0, and their relative velocity is not constant.

In view of this problem, one should write dynamic equations of non-relativistic mechanics in terms of relative velocities and accelerations with respect to an arbitrary reference frame. However, in this case the strict mathematical notions of a relative acceleration and a non-inertial force are rather sophisticated.


G.Sardanashvily, Relative non-relativistic mechanics, arXiv: 0708.2998

G.Giachetta, L.Mangiarotti and G.Sardanashvily, Geometric Formulation of Classical and Quantum Mechanics (WS, 2010)

1 comment:

  1. You can use this LaTex equation editor to insert formulas: