The God has created a man in order that he creates that the God fails to do

Tuesday, 24 December 2013

Dmitri Ivanenko. Scientific Biography

My article: G.Sardanashvily, Dmitri Ivanenko. Scientific Biography, In: The People of Physics Faculty. Selected Papers of the Journal "Soviet Physicist" (1998 - 2006) (#) (see also arXiv: 1607.03828).

"Dmitri Ivanenko (29.07.1904 - 30.12.1994), professor of Moscow State University (since 1943)was one of the great theoreticians of XX century. He made the fundamental contribution to many areas of nuclear physics, field theory and gravitation theory.

His outstanding achievements include:
·                The Fock - Ivanenko coefficients of parallel displacement of spinors in a curved space-time (1929). Nobel laureate Abdus Salam called it the first gauge theory.
·                The Ambartsumian - Ivanenko hypothesis of creation of massive particles which is a corner stone of contemporary quantum field theory (1930).
·                The proton-neutron model of atomic nuclei (1932).
·                The first shell model of nuclei (in collaboration with E. Gapon) (1932).
·                The first model of exchange nuclear forces by means of massive particles (in collaboration with I. Tamm) (1934). Based on this model, Nobel laureate H. Yukawa developed his meson theory.
·                The prediction of synchrotron radiation (in collaboration with I. Pomeranchuk) (1944) and its classical theory (in collaboration with A. Sokolov).
·                Theory of hypernucleus (1956).
·                The hypothesis of quark stars (in collaboration with D. Kurdgelaidze) (1965).

·                The gauge gravitation theory (in collaboration with G. Sardanashvily), where gravity is treated as a Higgs field responsible for spontaneous breaking of space-time symmetries (1983).

Professor D. D. Ivanenko was born on July 29, 1904 in Poltava, where he finished school and began his creative path as a teacher of physics in middle school. In 1923 D. D. Ivanenko entered Petrograd University. In 1926, while still a student, he wrote his first scientific works: with G. A. Gamov on the Kaluza-Klein five-dimensional theory and with L. D. Landau on the problems of relativistic quantum mechanics .... "

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